Amino Acids

Amino Acids

  • they are the constituent parts of proteins
  • the body absorbs the proteins in the small intestine, it decomposes them into amino acids and then recombines them in specific proteins, transforming excess fat and oxidizes it
  • they are essential (can not be synthesized by the body), and nonessential (can be synthesized by the body)
  • Essential
  • they are protein of animal origin
  • valine-isoleucine-leucine they are branch chained amino acids (BCAAs), with a role in saving glycogen
    • isoleucine – forms hemoglobin
    • is found in the muscle tissue, helps to repair
    • daily dosage is 2g/day
    • leucine stimulates insulin and protein synthesis in the muscles
    • daily dosage is 50g/day
  • LYSINE -regulates the nitrogen level in the body
    • helps deposit calcium in bones
  • methionine -is essential in body growth balance
  • phenylalanine , is a amino acid converted into dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline
    • combats depression
    • improves memory and mental abilities
    • diminishes the pain sensation
    • detoxifies drugs and alcohol
  • threonine -maintains the protein balance in the body
    • helps the liver function
    • participates in the formation of collagen
  • tryptophan -it is necessary in the production of vitamin B3
    • produces serotonin (a neurotransmitter that transfer pulses between nerve cells)
    • helps in getting a good sleep
    • encourages the production of growth hormone
  • valine , is useful for the muscle metabolism
    • tissue repair
    • the nitrogen balance in the body
    • daily dosage is 4g/day
  • arginine nitrogen oxide source
    • increases growth hormone levels in a dose of 30g/day administered intravenous
    • help protects blood vessel walls
    • contributes to the blood and oxygen supply for tissues
    • reduces blood pressure
    • improves protein anabolism
    • muscle cells multiply
    • daily dosage is 5-10 g / day, preferably before and after exercise
  • tyrosine , is a precursor of the majority of brain neurotransmitters and thyroid hormones
    • good energizer
    • and anti-catabolic fat burner
    • daily dosage: 2 g / day before training
  • taurine -improves activity of the heart and lowers blood pressure
    • contributes to the emulsification of fats
    • stimulates the immune system
    • needs Cysteine and vitamin B6
  • Alanine -provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, central nervous system
    • produces antibodies for the immune system
    • helps sugar and organic acid metabolism
  • ornithine -helps insulin to play an anabolic role
  • asparigina -stabilizes the central nervous system
  • aspatic acid has a neuromediatic role
    • increases resistance to fatigue
  • glutamine , is a precursor to the gamma-aminobutyric acid and the glutamic acid
    • reduces fatigue
    • improves memory
  • carnitine -transports fatty acids into mitochondria
    • is derived from lysine and methionine
  • cysteine -contains sulfur
    • opposes hypoglycemia, can be converted into glucose
    • used by the body into producing taurine
  • cystine , is the stable part, oxidized, of the cysteine
  • glycine -keeps the central nervous system in function
    • plays a role in maintaining the prostate function
    • is converted into Creatine
  • histidine , is used in histamine production
    • used to treat anemia, allergies, arthritis
    • stimulates gastric secretion
    • calms the nervous system